Top Five Medical Research Highlights for 2014
Last year (2014) brought many triumphs in the realm of medical research at the U of M. Here are five of the outstanding discoveries:
- AIDS patients who started HIV treatment 46 weeks after being diagnosed with Cryptococcal meningitis—an AIDS-related fungal infection—had a 15 percent better survival rate than those who started the treatment 12 weeks after the diagnosis.
- A clinical trial offered hope that the quality of life can be improved for patients with a painful blistering condition known as epidermolysis bullosa.
- Children with chronic pancreatitis can enjoy pain relief and improved quality of life if the pancreas is removed and its hormone-secreting islet cells transplanted back.
- Negative emotions are linked to a higher risk of strokes and transient ischemic attacks (“mini-strokes”) in middle-aged and older adults.
- Some cardiac stem cells believed to give rise to heart cells do so too slowly to replace heart muscle, but they have helped grow blood vessels.